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Calculate how many vegetables to plant

By: Garden Gate staff
Find the perfect amount of vegetables to plant so your whole family can enjoy the goods come harvest time.

Ever wonder how many vegetable plants to buy when you’re planning your garden? The chart below shows the number of individual plants you’ll need to plant for fresh eating. Some veggies have tiny seed, so for those we’ve noted how to thin the seedlings. If you want to can or freeze some, or you just really like a vegetable, you’ll want to plant more than is suggested. The chart also includes about how many plants can be grown per foot of row so you can figure out how much space you’ll need.

Not sure where to start? Check out this great vegetable garden plan for inspiration!

In general, multiply the number of plants per person by 3 or 4 for a family-sized planting, except for vine crops like cucumbers or squash. We’ve done the work for you in adjusting the numbers of these plants so at harvest you aren’t overwhelmed with too many delicious veggies.

Crop Per person For a family of 4
Asparagus (1 plant/ft. of row) 5-10 plants 25 plants
Bush beans (2 plants/ft. of row) 12-15 plants 45 plants
Beets (Thin to 3 plants/ft. of row) 15-30 plants 90 plants
Cucumber (1 plant/2 ft. of row) 1 vine, 2 bushes 2 vines, 4 bushes
Carrots (Thin to 12 plants/ft. of row) 48 plants 144 plants
Corn (1 plant/ft. of row) 10-15 plants 40 plants (plant in blocks for best pollination)
Eggplant (1 plant/2 ft. of row) 2-3 plants 7 plants
Leaf lettuce (Thin to 3 plants/ft. of row) 24 plants 78 plants
Melon (1 plant/6 ft. of row) 1-2 plants 4 plants
Onion (4 sets/ft. of row) 12-20 sets 80-100 sets
Peas (6 plants/ft. of row) 15-20 plants 70 plants
Pepper (1 plant/ft. of row) 3-5 plants 8-10 plants
Potato (1 plant/ft. of row) 10 plants 40 plants
Spinach (Thin to 6 plants/ft. of row) 30-60 plants 180 plants
Squash (1 plant/6 ft. of row) 1-2 plants 3 plants
Tomato (1 plant/2 ft. of row) 2-4 plants 4-6 plants
Zucchini (1 plant/3 ft. of row) 1-2 plants 4 plants

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