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Calculate How Many Vegetables to Plant

By: Sherri Ribbey
Planning to have a vegetable garden this year? Use this handy chart to figure out how many plants you will need so your whole family can enjoy the homegrown bounty.

Vegetable garden: A vegetable garden can be a great way to provide healthy produce for your family.

Figure out how many vegetables to plant

Ever wonder how many vegetable plants to buy when you’re planning your garden? The chart below shows the number of individual plants you’ll need to plant for fresh eating each season. If you're doing multiple plantings of a seasonal crop, such as greens or beets, then use the same quantity for each sowing.

Adjust to your vegetable garden needs

Some veggies have tiny seed, so for those we’ve noted how to thin the seedlings. If you want to can or freeze a crop, or you just really like a vegetable, you’ll want to plant more than is suggested below. The chart also includes about how many plants can be grown per foot of row so you can figure out how much space you’ll need. Use this handy chart as a guideline when planning how many vegetables to plant, but feel free to adjust to your preferences!

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Planting a vegetable garden for a family

In general, multiply the number of plants per person by 3 or 4 for a family-sized planting. We’ve done the work for you in adjusting the numbers of these plants in the chart so at harvest you aren’t overwhelmed with too many delicious veggies. Keeping a garden journal from year to year will help you track which crops you had more or less than needed so you can better plan for future growing seasons.

Crop (number of plants per ft. of row) Number of plants per person Number of plants for a family of 4
Asparagus (1 plant/ft. of row) 5-10 plants 25 plants
Bush beans (2 plants/ft. of row) 12-15 plants 45 plants
Beets (Thin to 3 plants/ft. of row) 15-30 plants 90 plants
Cucumber (1 plant/2 ft. of row) 1 vine, 2 bushes 2 vines, 4 bushes
Carrots (Thin to 12 plants/ft. of row) 48 plants 144 plants
Corn (1 plant/ft. of row) 10-15 plants 40 plants (plant in blocks for best pollination)
Eggplant (1 plant/2 ft. of row) 2-3 plants 7 plants
Kale (10/10 ft. of row) 2-7 plants 40 plants
Leaf lettuce (Thin to 3 plants/ft. of row) 24 plants 78 plants
Melon (1 plant/6 ft. of row) 1-2 plants 4 plants
Onion (4 sets/ft. of row) 12-20 sets 80-100 sets
Peas (6 plants/ft. of row) 15-20 plants 70 plants
Pepper (1 plant/ft. of row) 3-5 plants 8-10 plants
Potato (1 plant/ft. of row) 10 plants 40 plants
Radish (thin to 12 plants/ft. of row) 10-15 plants 60 plants
Spinach (Thin to 6 plants/ft. of row) 30-60 plants 180 plants
Squash (1 plant/6 ft. of row) 1-2 plants 3 plants
Tomato (1 plant/2 ft. of row) 2-4 plants 4-6 plants
Zucchini (1 plant/3 ft. of row) 1-2 plants 4 plants
Published: March 12, 2018
Updated: Jan. 27, 2021
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